Journal Articles (Peer Reviewed)

Piatak, J. S. & Carman, J. G. Unpacking the volunteer experience: The influence of volunteer management on retention and promotion of the organization Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs. 9(3) 1-19.

Carman, J. G. & Millesen, J. M. (2023). Using Self-assessments to improve board performance and build nonprofit capacity. Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs. 9(2) 124-146

Carman, J. G. (2023). Exploring the accountability relationship between nonprofit organizations and the state auditor. Voluntary Sector Review. 14(1) 3-20

Alaimo, S. & Carman, J. G. (First published online, June 08, 2021). Decisions, decisions, decisions: Community foundations and community well-being. International Journal of Community Well-Being, 4(2).

Parrott, A. & Carman, J. G. (2019). Scaling up programs: Reflections on the importance of process evaluation. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 34(1),131-138.

Millesen, J. L. & Carman, J. G. (2019). Building capacity in nonprofit boards: Learning from board self-assessments. Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs, 5(1). 74-94.  [2019 Best Paper Award]

Carman, J. G. & Fredericks, K. A. (2018). Applications of social network analysis in evaluation: Challenges, suggestions, and opportunities for the future. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation. 33(2), 175-187.

Carman, J. G. & Parrott, A. (2018). Yoga in United States urban schools: Outcomes for student response to stress and academic achievement. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, 8(3), 1-10.

Carman, J. G. & Parrott, A. (2016). Conducting quasi-experimental research in an urban school district: A closer look at the challenges and lessons learned. Journal of Applied Educational and Policy Research, 2(2), 77-86.

Carman, J. G. & Fredericks, K. A. (2013). Nonprofits and accreditation: Exploring the implications for accountability. International Review of Public Administration (Symposium: Nonprofit Accountability), 38(3), 51-68.

Carman, J. G. & Nesbit, R. A. (2013).  Founding new nonprofit organizations: Syndrome or symptom? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 42(3), 603-321.

Carman, J. G. & Hefner, R. A.** (2012) Using civic engagement and collaboration to create community change: Lessons from Charlotte, NC. The Foundation Review, 4(2), 30-43.

Leland, S. M., Carman, J. G., & Swartz, N. (2012). Understanding succession planning at the local level: A study of the opportunities and challenges facing cities and counties. National Civic Review, 101(2), 44-50.

Carman, J. G. (2011). Understanding evaluation in nonprofit organizations. Public Performance & Management Review, 34(3), 350-377

Carman, J. G. (2011). What you don’t know can hurt your community: Lessons from a local United Way agency. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 4(21), 433-448.

Millesen, J. L., Carman, J. G. & Bies, A. L. (2010). Why engage? Understanding the incentive to build nonprofit capacity. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 21(1), 5-20.

Carman, J. G., Leland, S. M. & Wilson, A. J.** (2010). Crisis in leadership or failure to plan? Insights from Charlotte, NC. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 21(1), 93-111.

Carman, J. G. (2010). The accountability movement: What is wrong with this theory of change? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 39(2), 256-274.

Carman, J. G. & Fredericks, K. A. (2010). Evaluation capacity and nonprofit organizations: Is the glass half-empty or half-full. American Journal of Evaluation, 31(1), 84-104.

Carman, J. G.  (2009). Nonprofits, funders, and evaluation: Accountability in action. The American Review of Public Administration, 39 (4), 374-390.

Carman, J.G. & Fredericks, K. A. (2008). Nonprofits and evaluation: Empirical evidence from the field. (pp. 51-72). In J. G. Carman & K. A. Fredericks (Eds.) Nonprofits and Evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation (119).  San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass. [Invited Author’s Award, April 20, 2009, Eastern Evaluation Research Society]

Carman, J. G., Fredericks, K. A., & Introcaso, D. (2008). Government and accountability: Paving the way for nonprofits and evaluation. (pp. 5-12). In J. G. Carman & K. A. Fredericks (Eds.). Nonprofits and Evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation (119). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Fredericks, K. A., Deegan, M., & Carman, J. G. (2008). Using system dynamics as an evaluation tool: An experience from a demonstration program for people with developmental disabilities. American Journal of Evaluation, 29(3), 251-267.

Carman, J. G. (2007). Evaluation practice among community-based agencies: Research into the reality. American Journal of Evaluation, 28(1), 60-75.

Carman, J.G., & Millesen, J. L. (2005). Nonprofit program evaluation: Organizational challenges and resource needs. Journal of Volunteer Administration (23), 36-43.

Fredericks, K. A., Carman, J. G. &. Birkland, T. A. (2002). Program evaluation in a challenging authorizing environment: Intergovernmental and Interorganizational factors (pp.5-22). In R. Mohan, D. J. Bernstein & M. D. Whitsett (Eds.). Responding to sponsors and stakeholders in complex evaluation environments, New Directions for Evaluation (95). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Carman, J. G. (2001). Community foundations: A growing resource for community development. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 12(1), 7-24.


Invited Article (Peer Reviewed)

Carman, J. G. (2013). Evaluation in an era of accountability: Unexpected opportunities: A reply to Jill Chouinard. American Journal of Evaluation, 34(2), 261-265.


Book Chapters (Peer Reviewed)

Carman, J. G. (December, 2023). Founder’s syndrome. In K. Kearns & W. Wang’s (Eds). Encyclopedia of nonprofit management, leadership, and governance. Edward Elgar Publishing (U.K.).

Pettijohn, S. L., & Carman, J. G. (2021). Using cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses in the community context. In R. P. Kilmer & J. R. Cook (Eds.). Evaluation research: Partnership approaches for community change. (pp.214-235). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Butta, F.,* & Carman, J. G. (2017). Accountability: Breaches of public trust. In A. Farazmand (Ed.) Global encyclopedia of public administration, public policy, and governance. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.


Book Reviews 

Carman, J. G. (2015). [Review of 3 books:  Feedback that works for nonprofit organizations, Influence for nonprofit leaders, and Feedback to managers: A guide to reviewing and selecting multilateral instrument]. Journal for Nonprofit Education and Leadership, 5(2), 131-133.

Carman, J. G. (2002). [Review of the book, Accountability and effectiveness evaluation in non-profit organizations], Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 31(4), 601-604. 10.1177/0899764002238507